First Symptoms of Diabetes and How to Treat It!
The symptoms of diabetes may vary depending on the type of the disease, but in general the first signs and symptoms of diabetes are frequent tiredness, severe hunger, sudden weight loss, severe thirst, increased need to use the bathroom, and darkening of the skin folds such as the armpit and neck, for example.
Type 1 diabetes is related to genetic and immunological factors, and the first symptoms are noticed in childhood and adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is usually related to the person’s habits, and the symptoms are noticed as the amount of glucose increases in the blood and the insulin production is not sufficient.
As soon as the first signs and symptoms of diabetes appear, it is recommended that the person go to a general practitioner, pediatrician, or endocrinologist to have tests done in order to diagnose the disease. The best way to diagnose diabetes is through blood tests that measure the amount of sugar in the blood, such as fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and the TOTG, for example.
First Symptoms of Diabetes;
The first signs and symptoms that may arise and be indicative of diabetes are:
– Frequent fatigue, lack of energy to play, too much sleep, laziness;
– The child may eat well, yet suddenly start losing weight;
– The child may wake up to pee at night or go back to peeing in bed;
– Very thirsty, even on the coldest days, but the mouth remains dry;
– The child is irritable or unwilling to perform daily activities, and has a decrease in school performance;
– A lot of hunger;
– Tingling or cramps in the limbs;
– Difficulty healing wounds;
– Repeated fungal infections;
– Darkening of the folds, especially the neck and armpit.
It is important that diabetes be identified as soon as the first symptoms appear, so that treatment can be started and complications of the disease, such as difficulty seeing, pain and tingling in the body, kidney problems, poor circulation, and erectile dysfunction, can be prevented.
It is common for type 2 diabetes to remain silent for 10 to 15 years, and during this period fasting glucose levels can remain normal, for example. Thus, anyone who has diabetes in the family, is sedentary, or is overweight needs to be monitored periodically to evaluate glucose levels through the fasting glucose test, fingerstick test, and glycated hemoglobin, for example.
How it is diagnosed;
Diabetes can be diagnosed through a number of tests, such as
– Finger prick test: Normal up to 200 mg/dL at any time of day;
– An 8-hour fasting glucose blood test: Normal up to 99 mg/dL;
– Glucose Tolerance Test: Normal up to 140 mg/dL 2 hours after testing and 199 mg/dL up to 4 hours
– Glycated hemoglobin: Normal up to 5.7%.
Everyone should have at least 1 of these tests once a year to find out if their blood sugar is high. Any person of any age can have type 2 diabetes, even if there are no cases in the family, but the chances increase when there is a poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle.
How to Treat Diabetes;
The treatment of diabetes is mainly done through diet control, regulating the amount of carbohydrates a person consumes during the day, so it is important to be accompanied by a nutritionist. In addition, the endocrinologist may recommend the use of medication, but this is more common for adults. In the case of children and adolescents, diabetes can be easily controlled through diet and regular exercise.