What is a dental implant?
Before you go on to other points, understand that dental implants are structures usually made of titanium to replace missing teeth in the arch. The braces are placed in the jawbone, which is located under the gum.
There are three types of implants. See below for a description of each:
– Integrated bone implant: it is inserted into the jawbone and has a period of integration into the body that can vary from 4 to 6 months after surgery. After recovery, the patient goes through a new operative process to place an artificial tooth on the piece and adjust the gum to the prosthesis;
– protocol prosthesis: total prosthesis made of resin or porcelain and fixed on implants (on average, four to eight pieces) to recover several lost teeth. Only screwed and removed by the dentist, the technique is an option for those who want to stop using dentures, but requires special care, with daily cleaning to avoid wear;
– overdenture prosthesis: the difficult name is nothing more than a total removable prosthesis on top of implants, which differs it from the protocol type. Made over a smaller quantity of pieces (from two to six, in general), it is molded in resin and tends to be cheaper than the protocol. Since the patient can remove the material, hygiene is facilitated.
In all cases, the implant brings many benefits to people’s oral health, and after the surgery and post-operative care, the result should present a natural aspect and, best of all, restore the functions of the mouth.
For whom is the implant indicated and when to do it?
If you are wondering for whom dental implants are indicated, the answer is simple: cases of extraction, fractures, trauma, and periodontal disease in an advanced stage, in which the dentition is totally compromised, can be treated with implantation. However, it is always important to remember that the diagnosis and adequate treatment depend on the dentist’s clinical observation.
Even denture wearers can get implants, as long as the bone health is compatible with the surgery. In case there is little bone structure for implantation, the pins can be placed in the bone region of the “apple” of the face (part technically called zygomatic) or a graft can be made.
When to have the procedure done?
If your tooth has fallen out for any reason, it is important to see your dentist as soon as possible to find out whether a dental implant is indicated. As tooth loss triggers a series of physiological processes in the mouth, time will act on the bone resorption, which disharmonizes the oral functions and can lead to serious risks in the body.
Are there any contraindications to the method?
The implant treatment is indicated for patients with tooth loss; however, if the person has heart problems or diabetes, these diseases must be controlled before starting the esthetic-functional process.
It is also recommended that the technique be performed after bone growth, whose end (attested by specific dental exams) occurs at 17 or 18 years of age in women, and 18 to 19 years of age in men. Finally, smoking is not recommended during the treatment, because smoking increases the possibility of infection and slows down the healing of the tissues.
Is the patient at risk of dental implant rejection?
So far you have understood what the implant is and in which situations it is indicated, but the doubt that hangs over many patients is this: is there rejection of the dental implant by the body? This question should not be a reason for panic, as it is nothing but a myth. We explain!
To put your fears to rest, understand that the implantation may not be a success due to failures during surgery or post-operatively. However, the titanium material from which the implant is made stays on the bone and does not risk being rejected by the body. In this sense, it is crucial that you look for a specialist and a reliable clinic.
Likewise, the statement that implants cause problems with the gums does not hold up. Quite the contrary, gum inflammation is due to bacteria and sloppy oral hygiene. But it is the responsibility of the patient who has one or several implants placed to keep the oral cavity healthy and to see the dentist regularly in order to be successful with this procedure.
Why get help from the specialist?
You’ve realized how necessary it is to be accompanied by a dentist for the most appropriate treatment. From the first consultation (in which the exams and oral diagnosis are made) to the post-operative period, this professional will be responsible for observing the dysfunction and planning a way to solve it, so that you can smile again without fear and keep your body healthy.
In this article, you have understood what it is, for whom the procedure is indicated, and when to have a dental implant to replace lost teeth – depending on the case, it can be a bone-integrated implant and a protocol prosthesis or overdenture. In addition, you will learn the processes that must be adopted for the body not to reject the piece, which tends to integrate with the bone to receive the new dentition.