Anorexia, an eating disorder?

Anorexia is an eating disorder that causes excessive weight loss, makes the weight of a person under normal weight (proportional to weight, height and age), causes the weight to exceed the actual weight and eats and exercises a lot of weight loss. You can barely find it (CID 10-F50.0). The reason Anorexia nervosa is an imaging disorder in which patients cannot accept the body as it is or feel overweight. This can cause anxiety and make people look for ways to lose weight suddenly.

Hypotheses on causes of anorexia;

The performance of genes and hormones will be transformed and will play an important role to some extent. It may also involve social attitudes that promote weight loss. It has long been believed that family conflicts can lead to anorexia and other eating disorders. However, this idea is no longer popular. Despite the large number of men in recent years, women are more likely to suffer from anorexia than men. One hypothesis that can prove this is that the media and advertisements are affecting ideal standards of beauty with increasing frequency and intensity, which indicates that there is no longer any gender difference in society’s pressure on beauty and weight loss. Women are still the most affected by this situation.

Adolescents;

Anorexia is a very common disease among adolescents, mainly due to social stress and all physical and mental changes at this stage. However, people of all ages may encounter this problem, rarely seen in people over 40. family history Relatives suffering from eating disorders or eating disorders may also increase the chance of suffering from anorexia.

 Artists;

People connected to the world of sports and art, such as actors, actresses and models, are also more prone to anorexia because they work in their own image and are judged by more people.

Focus on stereotypes;

The media and society are the main causes of anorexia. Television and fashion magazines and beauty society stereotypes make people feel happy and popular only when they follow a certain pattern provided by the media every day and reproduce it in all social circles.

Symptoms of Anorexia;

The main symptoms of patients with anorexia nervosa are: The media and society are the main causes of anorexia. Television and fashion magazines and beauty society stereotypes make people feel happy and popular only when they follow a certain pattern provided by the media every day and reproduce it in all social circles.

Relationship with food;

Patients with this disease will go on hunger strike and then cause vomiting when eating, so as not to use the nutrients in the food.

Behaviors;

– Cut the food into small pieces or place it on a plate instead of eating

– exercise regularly, even if the weather is bad, you may get hurt or busy

– Go to the bathroom immediately after a meal

– Refusing to eat near other people

– Use pills to urinate (diuretics), evacuate (enemas and laxatives) or reduce appetite (diuretics).

Physical signs;

– Stained or light yellow skin, dry and covered with fine hair

– Confused or slow thinking, insufficient memory or judgment

– Dry mouth

– Extremely sensitive to cold (use several layers of clothing to keep warm)

– Loss of bone strength

– Muscle wear and loss of body fat

– Depression

Seeking medical help

If you or the person next to you is you, please contact your doctor:

– Very concerned about the weight

– Excessive exercise

– Limit food intake

– Weight well below ideal is better to remember that getting medical help as soon as possible can reduce the severity of anorexia and other eating disorders.

If you know someone in your family or friend who has symptoms of anorexia, please help that person, because people with these symptoms need a lot of support, help and support from other people, and never force any measures, because the person should get this help because usually the person does not think he is sick.

At the doctor’s appointment;

Doctors and specialists who take care of patients with anorexia:

– Nutritionist

– Nutritionist

-psychologist

-Sychiatrist

– Expert in eating disorders at the appointment, it is important to have relatives, friends or trusted people to accompany you. Take the opportunity to clear up all doubts and seek the correct orientation from a doctor. Describe your symptoms, especially the way you look at your weight and the image reflected in the mirror. The doctor can also ask you some questions, see examples:

– How long have you been concerned about your weight?

– Do you exercise? How often do you exercise?

-How do you lose weight?

– What are your physical symptoms?

– How often do you think about eating?

– Do you eat secretly?

– Does your relative have a history of eating disorders?

Anorexia Diagnosis;

The doctor will first perform a physical examination of the patient, in which he will evaluate the height and weight, check the vital signs and look for signs of malnutrition in the skin and nails. Then, besides the psychological follow-up of the patient, he may also request some laboratory tests to verify the functioning of the liver, kidney and thyroid.

Exams;

Tests should be conducted to help find the cause of weight loss or understand the damage caused by weight loss. Over time, some of these tests will be repeated to monitor the patient.

-albumin

– Bone density measurement, check for osteoporosis

– Complete blood count

– Electrocardiogram (ECG)

– Electrolytes – Kidney function test

-Hepatic function test

-Total protein -Thyroid function test

– Urinalysis

Anorexia Treatment;

Leave denial aside The biggest challenge in the treatment of anorexia is to make patients aware that they have the disease. Most people with anorexia deny having an eating disorder. Usually, people start treatment only when the disease is severe.

Weight gain;

Generally, patients with anorexia require several treatments. The objective of the treatment for anorexia is to restore weight and normal eating habits. Doctors believe that an increase of 0.5 to 1.4 kg per week is a safe goal. Several different methods have been developed to treat anorexia. Sometimes a person gains weight: Several different methods have been developed to treat anorexia. Sometimes alone

– Increase social activities

– Reduce physical exercise

– Use feeding procedures

-There are patients who are hospitalized for weight gain on a daily basis, as they gradually recover.

Hospitalization;

However, in the following cases, a long stay in hospital may be necessary:

– The person loses weight: less than 70% of his/her age and height

– If severe and life-threatening malnutrition occurs, the person may need to be fed an intravenous or gastric tube.

– Hard weight loss – even after treatment

– Medical complications: such as heart problems, confusion or low potassium content

– The person suffers from severe depression and is even thinking of suicide

Psychotherapy;

Normally, the treatment of anorexia is very difficult and requires a lot of work from the patient and his family. Before the patient overcomes the disease, several treatments can be tried. This requires a lot of patience and perseverance, because if patients have unrealistic hopes that they can just “cure” the treatment, they can abandon it. There are several types of treatments and approaches, but the cognitive-behavioral approach, with family analysis, is the one that responds most positively to a treatment. The objective of the treatment is to change the patient’s thinking or behavior to encourage a healthy diet. This type of therapy is most useful for the treatment of young patients who have not had anorexia for a long time. If the patient is young, the treatment can involve the whole family.

Support Groups;

Support groups can also be part of the treatment of anorexia. Patients and family members meet at the meeting and share experiences.

Drugs;

Antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers can help some patients if used under proper medical supervision.

Living Together/ Prognosis;

Some measures can facilitate the treatment and make you more comfortable with the patient. Follow some tips for a successful prognosis:

– Follow the treatment plan and strictly follow medical advice.

– Do not miss the treatment process and do not disrespect the nutritionist’s diet. – If necessary, consult your doctor about the use of vitamin supplements. They can help you gain weight.

– Do not isolate yourself from other people and participate in social activities.

– Adapt to the image in the mirror and understand that beauty is not a thin and unhealthy body.

Does Anorexia have a cure?

In some estimates, it causes death in 10% of cases. Experienced treatments can help patients with this disease return to normal weight, but the disease is usually recurrent. Women who develop anorexia earlier are more likely to recover fully. However, most people with anorexia will continue to endure weight loss and will be very concerned about food and calories. Weight control can be difficult. Maintaining a healthy weight may require long-term treatment – there’s nothing wrong with that, just don’t give up and follow your doctor’s advice.

Prevention;

In some cases anorexia may not be avoided. Encourage health. Realistic weight and eating habits can help. Sometimes psychotherapy can also help.

– Regardless of height or weight, always develop a healthy body with your son or daughter.

– Talk to your child’s pediatrician. They may notice the first signs of an eating disorder and the best way to prevent its development.

– If you know that a family member has an eating disorder or an eating disorder, you should also consult a doctor. This person can help you learn from an early age how to solve problems and prevent them from developing.

 

 

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